Best Time to visit : November to March Tourist Attractions : Umaid Bhawan Palace, Mehrangarh Fort Area : 78.60 sq. km Altitude : 230 metres above sea level Languages : Marwari, Rajasthani and Hindi STD Code : 0291
Set at the edge of the Thar desert,
the imperial city of Jodhpur echoes with tales of antiquity in the emptiness
of the desert. Once the capital of the Marwar state, it was founded in 1459
A.D. by Rao Jodha-chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs who claimed to be
descendants of Rama - the epic hero of the Ramayana. The massive 15th
century A.D. Mehrangarh Fort looms on the top of a rocky hill, soaring 125
Mts. Above the plains. The city is encompassed by a high wall -10 km long
with 8 gates and innumerable bastions. A major trade centre of the 16th
century A.D. the fortress-city of Jodhpur is now the second largest city of
While the graceful palaces , forts and temples strewn throughout the city
bring alive the historic grandeur, exquisite handicrafts , folk dances music
and the brightly attired people lend a romantic aura to the city. The jumble
of wide winding streets are flanked with pavement stalls. The lifestyle in
jodhpur is unusually fascinating with folks wearing lovely multihued
costumes, artistically designed. Women folk wear wide gathered skirts and a
hip length jacket, with three quarter length sleeves , covering the front
and back. The colorful turbans worn by the men folk add more color to the
city . It was from here that the popularity worn baggy - tight, horse riding
trousers - 'Jodhpurs', took their name.
General Travel Information
How to reach Jodhpur :
Jodhpur is well connected to all the major cities which includes Delhi,
Mumbai, Kolkata, Jaipur, Udaipur.
Rajasthan Roadways run very comfortable deluxe & air conditioned buses
from Delhi (Bikaner House, Nr. India Gate) to Jodhpur. The roads are very
good, and it takes around 8-9 hrs from Jodhpur. You can also come by taxi.
Jodhpur is on the Broad Gauge and hence connected to all the metro cities
of India. There are daily trains from Jaipur,Delhi, Mumbai & Kolkata.
In the city you can travel by un-metered auto-rickshaws, buses,
cycle-rickshaws or you can also use car cabs and car-taxi. The Rajasthan
Tourism Development Corporation operates of Jodhpur from 8.30 to 1.00 pm and
2 to 6 pm. The tour starts from the Tourist Bungalow.
The usual Rajasthani handicraft are available here, but Jodhpur specialises
in antiques. The Ajit Bhawan with the Umaid Bhawan and the well known Abani
Handicraft is next to Tourist Bungalow. You will be hard pressed to find any
bargains, though this is no reflection on the generally excellent quality of
the goods available. The tie and dye fabric, embroidered jutis
or slippers in suede, cancel skin, velvet and more color to the city. It was
form here that the popularly worn baggy-tight horse riding trousers, - "Jodhpurs",
took their name.
Things you can do
While you are in Jodhpur, try makhania lassi, a delicious thick cream
variety of that most refreshing of drinks. The lassi bar in the gateway of
the centeral market, near Sojati Gate. Other popular dessert specialties in
Jodhpur include mawa ladoo and the baklava - like mawa kachori. Doodh fini
is a cereal dish consisting of fine threads of wheat in a bowl with milk and
The 5 km long majestic fort on a 125 metre high hill is one of the most
impressive and formidable structures. Although invincible from the outside,
the fort has four gates approached by a winding road. Within the fort are
some magnificent palaces with marvelously carved panels, latticed windows
and evocative names. Not worthy of these are the Moti Mahal, the Phool
Mahal, the Sheesh Mahal, the Sileh Khana and the Daulat Khana. These palaces
house a fabulous collection of trappings of Indian royalty including a
superb collection of palanquins, elephant hawdahs, miniature paintings of
various schools, musical instruments, costumes and furniture.
A cluster of royal cenotaphs in white marble built in 1899 A.D. in memory
of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Within the main cenotaph are the portraits of
various Jodhpur rulers. Umaid Bhawan Palace
The only 20th century palace built under the famine relief project that gave
employment to famine struck population. The palace was completed in 16
years. This opulent edifice in sandstone is still the residence of the
former rulers with a part of it running as hotel and remaining part as a
Girdikot and Sardar Market
These colourful markets with tiny shops dotting the narrow lanes are
situated in the heart of the city and are popular for a wide range of
handicrafts, making them the favorite haunt of shoppers.
The museum has an exquisite ensemble of paintings, sculptures and antique
The Kalinga Restaurant in the Adarsh Niwas Hotel, near the railway station,
has excellent non - vegetarian food. It's surprisngly bright palace and a
very complete meal, including drink and desert.
Opposite the Kalinga, behind the trees, the Renuka Restaurant is a small
snacks / drink palace. The Fruit & Juice Centre outside sells excellent
fresh fruit juice.