Madhya Pradesh has also many leading Travel
Agencies, which has a great experience of organising tours to central
part of India, which includes the Chandela temples of Khajuraho built in the
tenth century A.D. Contain stunning sculptures. Among the vast number of temple
architecture of India, the Khajuraho complex remains unique. Total, 85 temples
were built which possessed magnificent form and were richly carved. The amazingly
short span of 100 years, from 950 AD - 1050 AD, saw the completion of all
the temples, in an inspired burst of creativity. Today, of the original 85,
only 22 have survived the ravages of time.
Travel Agencies providing tour to Khajuraho Temples, are
a perfect example of the excellence of Indo-Aryan architecture and reflect
the joyous celebration of all aspects of life. The temple complex is divided
into three groups, The Western group of Temples, Eastern group of temples
and the Southern group of temples. These groups include all the prominent
monuments built by the Chandela rulers.
The finest and most common sculptures at Khajuraho were those of youthful
celestial dancers, engraved with beautiful gems and garments. Some of the
finest sculptures possessed specific themes such as domestic scenes, teacher
and disciples, dancers and musicians and couples or groups.
Khajuraho temples are divided into three major groups:
Western Group of Temples
The most prominent structure at Khajuraho is the Kandariya Mahadeo temple,
which is the largest soars 31 km high, dedicated to Lord Shiva, the sanctum
enshrines a lingam, a phallic symbol, a symbol of energy, fertility and
potency. The various temples in the western group of temples are:
Chaunsath Yogini temple : The amorous couples are most sensuously
depicted in the Chaunsath Yogini temple, the only granite temple and the
earliest surviving shrine of the group (900 A.D), is dedicated to goddess
Chitragupta temple : Facing eastwards to the rising sum , Chitragupta
temple is dedicated to the Sun God Surya . The image of the deity in the
inner sanctum is particularly imposing; five feet high and driving a horse
Vishwanath Temple : A three headed image of Brahma is enshrined in
Vishwanath Temple. The approach is equally impressive, with lions flaking
the northern and elephants the southern steps that lead up to it.
Lakshman Temple : The lintel over the entrance of beautiful Lakshman
Temple shows the trinity of Lords Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva, with Lakshmi,
Vishnu's consort. The finely carved sanctum has a three-headed idol of
Vishnu's incarnations, Narasimha and Varaha.
Matengeswara temple : One of the oldest temple, Matengeswara temple,
is dedicated to Lord Shiva and has an eight feet high lingam.
Eastern Group of Temples
The temples in this group can be subdivided into two one being a cluster of
Jain temples and another scattered through the small village
Parsvanath Temple : Parsvanath Temple is the largest in this group.
The temple was initially dedicated to Adinath but the statue was replaced
by that of Parsavanath in 1860 A.D.
Jain temple : The Jain temple, Gantai temple, has a frieze, which depicts
the 16 dreams of Mahavira's mother and a Jain goddess on a winged Garuda.
Adinath Temple : Dedicated to the Jain saint Adinath, Adinath Temple
is lavishly embellished with sculpted figures, including Yakshis. The three
Hindu temples of the group are the Brahma containing a four-faced linga; the
Vamana, which is adorned on its outer walls with carvings of Apsaras in a
variety of sensuous attitudes; and the Javari, with a richly carved gateway
and exterior sculptors.
This comprises only two temples. A track running south from Jain enclosures
reaches the first called Duladeo Temple. It is among the latest built temples
at Khajuraho, more accurate, finer and equally graceful, with figures of Mithuna
(sexual intercourse) and women in various poses. The other temple is Chaturbhuj
Temple which has a three meter image of Vishnu.